Stronger than skin freshener but less than skin astringent, skin toners are used to clean the residues of impurities left in the skin and leave it free from makeup and dirt.
1- Some Current Main Components Used:
- Salicylic Acid: This ingredient is one of the beta hydroxy acids. Salicylic acid promotes the shine of the cells of the epidermis and hence make the skin look healthier and more radiant.
- Lactic Acid: This ingredient is considered to be an alpha-hydroxy acid and is used in a wide range of skin care products nowadays. It is a powerful ingredient that helps get rid of acne breakouts and slow the process of aging and appearance of wrinkles.
- Glycerin: Also known as glycerol, glycerin is a sugar alcohol that can be easily obtained from natural sources. It plays the role of a humectant: meaning it retains moisture in the upper layer of the skin and prevents premature moist from cosmetics. Glycerin has great moisturizing properties as well as it contains cleansing agents. It can be found in personal care products such as soaps, toothpastes, and hair conditioners.
- Amino Acids: Amino acids are organic compounds containing amine and carboxyl functional groups. Amino acids promote a healthy- looking shiny hair by maintaining the hair fossils health and also helping the hair grow faster.
- Silicone: Also known as polysiloxanes, this ingredient helps to retain the color and promotes a shiny effect on the product it is added to.
2- Some Current Hazardous Components to Avoid:
- Petrolatum: Also known as petroleum jelly and white petrolatum, this chemical is a semisolid mixture of hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum. Originally, it was promoted as a topical ointment given the fact its healing properties. Petrolatum is used to soothe and heal many unpleasant ailments such as toenail fungus, nosebleeds and diaper rash. The chemical is known for slowing the transepidermal water loss from the skin by building a barrier on its surface. It also does wonders for the hair as it enhances its appearance and increase its suppleness.
- Fragrance: Fragrance ingredients in cosmetics must meet the same requirements for safety as other cosmetic ingredients: they must be safe for consumers when they are used according to labeled directions. Some components of fragrance formulas may have a potential to cause allergic skin reactions or sensitivities for some people.
- Acetone: Also known as propanone, this ingredient is a colorless volatile and flammable liquid that is usually manufactured as a chemical even if it can be found naturally in the environment. If exposed chronically to it, the skin is more likely to become red and irritated. Not only this, but when used in high portions, it can also lead to a very dry and cracked skin.
- Parabens: Parabens are a group of preservative ingredients that are commonly used in many products of our daily lives. They are used in cosmetics, personal care products, food products and even pharmaceuticals. They prevent the spoilage of the materials they are added to as they prevent the growth of fungi and bacteria. The parabens were proven to penetrate the body through the skin and remain within the tissue which disrupts the hormones’ functions.
3- Natural Alternatives:
- Witch Hazel: Witch hazel is known to be an excellent toner alternative if you want to opt for a natural option. Witch hazel has anti-inflammatory agents, is soothing and hydrating as well as having antioxidant properties.
- Rose Water: Rose water helps in maintaining the skin’s pH balance as well as it has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties. You can use it on your face as a toner and it will leave your skin smooth and hydrated.