1- Some Current Main Components Used:
- Glycerin: Also known as glycerol, glycerin is a sugar alcohol that can be easily obtained from natural sources. It plays the role of a humectant: meaning it retains moisture in the upper layer of the skin and prevents premature moist from cosmetics. Glycerin has great moisturizing properties as well as it contains cleansing agents. It can be found in personal care products such as soaps, toothpastes, and hair conditioners.
- Glyceryl Stearate: Also known as Glyceryl Stearate SE, is a lipid product of glycerin and stearic acid. It is white or cream-colored and is a self-emulsifying wax-like solid. It acts as a lubricant on the skin’s surface which leads to a soft and smooth appearance. Glyceryl stearate is widely used in sunscreen products, makeup bases and foundations, lotions, creams and powders.
- Dimethicone: It is the most widely used silicone-based polymer in cosmetics. You can find it in creams, lotions, bath soaps, serums and shampoos. Since dimethicone has fluid properties, it helps the products flow smoothly on the skin leading to an improved texture.
- Stearic Acid: It is a saturated fatty acid containing an 18- carbon chain. It is listed in the PETA’s caring consumer guide as a substance of animal origin. Stearic acid has opacifying agents, cleansing agents and emulsifying agents. It can be found in cosmetic creams, pastes, and soaps.
- Stearyl Alcohol: This ingredient is an organic compound produced from stearic acid. It is an odorless white component with a waxy solid texture, on the other hand, Oleyl Alcohol and Octyldodecanol are clear, colorless liquid. Those ingredients can be found in hair conditioners, skin moisturizers, skin cleansers and eye makeup.
- Myristyl Myristate: It is a 100% natural vegetable derived ester formed by the mixture of myristyl alcohol and myristic acid. It acts as a cleansing agent, emulsifying agent, skin- conditioning agent, opacifying agent, viscosity increasing agent and many others. It may be used in eye makeup, soaps, and other skin care products.
- Carbomer: a series of polymers made from acrylic acid. They are white, fluffy powders but are usually used as gels in cosmetics and personal care products.
2- Some Current Hazardous Components to Avoid:
- Talc: Talc is composed of silicon, oxygen, hydrogen, magnesium and is usually used in baby powder. It is found in rock deposits and is mined from the ground to finally be crushed, sorted and then milled to a powder. Talc is generally used to absorb moisture, reduce odours, or prevent rashes.
- Color Additives: In case you are wondering where does the blue in your eyeliner or the pink in your blush are coming from, here is your answer. Color additives provide to consumers all the appealing colors they will find in their products, even in contact lenses. These ingredients come basically as dyes, pigments or other textures to impact the color when added to other substances. They are usually considered to be safe except from some colors.
- Fragrance: Fragrance ingredients in cosmetics must meet the same requirements for safety as other cosmetic ingredients: they must be safe for consumers when they are used according to labeled directions. Some components of fragrance formulas may have a potential to cause allergic skin reactions or sensitivities for some people.
3- Natural Alternatives:
- Aloe Vera: Originating from the Arabian Peninsula, aloe vera is a succulent plant species of the genus aloe. It has many uses such as soothing sunburn, relieving skin irritation, and adding extra moisture to the skin. It is rich in both vitamins A and C as well as it is rich in antioxidants.
- Coconut Oil: Coconut oil has antibacterial and antimicrobial properties, not only this, but it does a great job promoting skin cells. It will leave your skin soft and smooth with no chemical residues.