The difference between fresheners and toner is that fresheners are less strong. It suits well dry and sensitive skin.
1- Some Current Main Components Used:
- Glycerin: Also known as glycerol, glycerin is a sugar alcohol that can be easily obtained from natural sources. It plays the role of a humectant: meaning it retains moisture in the upper layer of the skin and prevents premature moist from cosmetics. Glycerin has great moisturizing properties as well as it contains cleansing agents.
- Hyaluronic acid: It is made from many sugar provenance, it has a great capacity to hold water. Furthermore, it helps to enhance the appearance of dry or damaged skin by reducing flaking and restoring suppleness. This component is found naturally on human skin and can be used up to 2% in cosmetic products.
- Squalane: This oily substance commonly found in the structure of other oils and is present naturally. It constitutes a natural component of human sebum. Used on moisturizing products, it procure to the skin, a soft and smooth appearance.
2- Some Current Hazardous Components to Avoid:
- Parabens: Parabens are a group of preservative ingredients that are commonly used in many products of our daily lives. They are used in cosmetics, personal care products, food products and even pharmaceuticals. They prevent the spoilage of the materials they are added to as they prevent the growth of fungi and bacteria. The parabens were proven to penetrate the body through the skin and remain within the tissue which disrupts the hormones’ functions.
- Phthalates: Also known as phthalate esters, are a family of chemical compounds. Those chemicals are used because of their durability and strong performance. They are the most used plasticizers in the world, which means producing or enhancing plasticity and flexibility to the substance they are added to. They are divided into two types: high and low and are used differently depending on their molecular weight. Phthalates are bound into the materials in which they are in and they do not easily migrate out of it or evaporate.
- Sulfates: When sulfuric acid reacts with another chemical, the salt that results from this reaction is called sulfates. This ingredient is considered not that safe to use on your skin as it lead to stripping away naturally occurring oils and proteins which might lead to dryness or irritation.
3- Natural Alternatives:
- DIY Facial mist: Pour distilled or filtered water into a spray bottle helped by a funnel. If you would like to use some herbs benefit, you can combine the following ingredients by making a tea with it (brew 10 min) and letting it cold before pouring into the bottle:
Roses can help soften skin and aid in elasticity.
- Calendula can help heal skin abrasions and reduce redness.
- Lemon Balm is calming and can help with acne.
- Pine and Fir are antibacterial and contain Vitamin C, which is thought to aid in cell function.
- Mint is reviving and refreshing to the skin.
- Green Tea and Black Tea contain antioxidants which can help reduce signs of aging.
- Lavender is calming and speeds healing.
- Chamomile is calming and soothing.
- Comfrey is also known to aid healing.
- Citrus Peels contain Vitamin C and are antibacterial.
- Rosemary is antibacterial.
- Rosehips are loaded with Vitamin C.
- Hibiscus Flowers also contain Vitamin C.
Frankincense is an astringent, antiseptic, and disinfectant agent that has antimicrobial effects.
The mist has to be refrigerated after use.
- Cucumber: Cut thin slices of cucumber and allow it to your face during 15 min. The benefit of cucumber is cooling and soothing the face.
- Oat milk: Oat Milk can be very soothing. To make it, just soak oats in water for about 30 minutes and strain. Use this mixed with half a water.