1- Some Current Main Components Used:
- Stearic Acid: It is a saturated fatty acid containing an 18- carbon chain. It is listed in PETA’s caring consumer guide as a substance of animal origin. Stearic acid has opacifying agents, cleansing agents and emulsifying agents. It can be found in cosmetic creams, pastes, and soaps.
- Dimethicone: It is the most widely used silicone-based polymer in cosmetics. You can find it in creams, lotions, bath soaps, serums and shampoos. Since dimethicone has fluid properties, it helps the products flow smoothly on the skin leading to an improved texture.
- Glycerin: Also known as glycerol, glycerin is a sugar alcohol that can be easily obtained from natural sources. It plays the role of a humectant: meaning it retains moisture in the upper layer of the skin and prevents premature moist from cosmetics. Glycerin has great moisturizing properties as well as it contains cleansing agents. It can be found in personal care products such as soaps, toothpastes, and hair conditioners.
- Glyceryl Stearate: Also known as Glyceryl Stearate SE, is a lipid product of glycerin and stearic acid. It is white or cream-colored and is a self-emulsifying wax-like solid. It acts as a lubricant on the skin’s surface which leads to a soft and smooth appearance. Glyceryl stearate is widely used in sunscreen products, makeup bases and foundations, lotions, creams and powders.
- Dipropylene Glycol: Dipropylene glycol is a clear and colorless liquid derived from alcohol. It is most often used as a solvent and viscosity decreasing agent in cosmetics and personal care products such as fragrances, shaving, personal cleanliness products, and eye and facial makeup.
2- Some Current Hazardous Components to Avoid:
- Color Additives: In case you are wondering where does the blue in your eyeliner or the pink in your blush are coming from, here is your answer. Color additives provide to consumers all the appealing colors they will find in their products, even in contact lenses. These ingredients come basically as dyes, pigments or other textures to impact the color when added to other substances. They are usually considered to be safe except from some colors.
- Mineral Oil: Also called white mineral oil, mineral oil is a colorless lightweight liquid that is also made from a highly purified, refined, and processed petroleum. This ingredient helps to prevent water loss from the skin and keep it moisturized. Given its many moisturizing and softening properties, mineral oil is used in many personal care products such as bath oils, skin care creams and hair care products as well.
- Fragrance: Fragrance ingredients in cosmetics must meet the same requirements for safety as other cosmetic ingredients: they must be safe for consumers when they are used according to labeled directions. Some components of fragrance formulas may have a potential to cause allergic skin reactions or sensitivities for some people.
- Sodium Laureth Sulfate: This ingredient is an anionic detergent and surfactant found in many personal care products. It is a surface-active agent that has the properties of being partly water-soluble and partly oil soluble in order to cleanse dirt and oils away.
3- Natural Alternatives:
- Chickpea Powder: This ingredient contains natural skin lightening properties as it helps lighten the skin and remove dark spots. It also helps maintain the oil production in the skin, leaving it smooth and fresh after cleansing. Mix chickpea powder with milk and turmeric powder and use it as a regular cleanser.
- Oatmeal: Oatmeal is considered to be an exfoliator as well as a gentle natural cleanser. It draws out all the skin impurities and helps deeply cleansing the pores without leaving any chemical residues. Add to it milk and few drops of honey and use it as a regular cleanser in your skin care routine.