Facial Creams & Masks
1- Some Current Main Components Used:
- Stearic Acid: It is a saturated fatty acid containing an 18- carbon chain. It is listed in PETA’s caring consumer guide as a substance of animal origin. Stearic acid has opacifying agents, cleansing agents and emulsifying agents. It can be found in cosmetic creams, pastes, and soaps.
- Propylene Glycol: Dipropylene glycol is a clear and colorless liquid derived from alcohol. It is most often used as a solvent and viscosity decreasing agent in cosmetics and personal care products such as fragrances, shaving, personal cleanliness products, and eye and facial makeup.
- Dimethicone: It is the most widely used silicone-based polymer in cosmetics. You can find it in creams, lotions, bath soaps, serums and shampoos. Since dimethicone has fluid properties, it helps the products flow smoothly on the skin leading to an improved texture.
- Glycerin: Also known as glycerol, glycerin is a sugar alcohol that can be easily obtained from natural sources. It plays the role of a humectant: meaning it retains moisture in the upper layer of the skin and prevents premature moist from cosmetics. Glycerin has great moisturizing properties as well as it contains cleansing agents. It can be found in personal care products such as soaps, toothpastes, and cosmetics.
- Carbomer: This term is used to indicate a series of polymers primarily made of acrylic acid. The ingredient itself is a white fluffy powder but can also be used as gels in cosmetics and personal care products.
- Citric Acid: used to preserve cosmetics and adjust the acid-base balance
- Glyceryl Stearate: Also known as Glyceryl Stearate SE, is a lipid product of glycerin and stearic acid. It is white or cream-colored and is a self-emulsifying wax-like solid. It acts as a lubricant on the skin’s surface which leads to a soft and smooth appearance. Glyceryl stearate is widely used in sunscreen products, makeup bases and foundations, lotions, creams and powders.
2- Some Current Hazardous Components to Avoid:
- Fragrance: Fragrance ingredients in cosmetics must meet the same requirements for safety as other cosmetic ingredients: they must be safe for consumers when they are used according to labeled directions. Some components of fragrance formulas may have a potential to cause allergic skin reactions or sensitivities for some people.
- Mineral Oil: Also called white mineral oil, mineral oil is a colorless lightweight liquid that is also made from a highly purified, refined, and processed petroleum. This ingredient helps to prevent water loss from the skin and keep it moisturized. Given its many moisturizing and softening properties, mineral oil is used in many personal care products such as bath oils, skin care creams and hair care products as well..
3- Natural Alternatives:
- Aloe Vera: Originating from the Arabian Peninsula, aloe vera is a succulent plant species of the genus aloe. It has many uses such as soothing sunburn, relieving skin irritation, and adding extra moisture to the skin. It is rich in both vitamins A and C as well as it is rich in antioxidants.
- Homemade Face Masks: Depending on the type of your skin, there is a large selection of different types of masks that you can easily make at home with simple ingredients that you are with no doubt available in your kitchen. As an example, use shea butter and coconut oil mixed together as a mask to heal and soothe dry skin.