Used by both women and men for an effective shave it usually dispensed as an aerosol foam or gel that will produce a lather when rubbed on the skin. Shaving creams principally contain ingredients that will lubricate the skin in order to facilitate the razor to work effectively.
1- Some Current Main Components Used:
- Glycerin: Also known as glycerol, glycerin is a sugar alcohol that can be easily obtained from natural sources. It plays the role of a humectant: meaning it retains moisture in the upper layer of the skin and prevents premature moist from cosmetics. Glycerin has great moisturizing properties as well as it contains cleansing agents.
- Sodium Laureth Sulfate: Those ingredients are used primarily in cleansing products. It help to clean the skin and hair by helping water to mix with oil and dirt so that they can be rinsed away added to emulsifying properties. In 2010, the Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) Expert Panel evaluated the scientific data for these ingredients and the closely related sodium laureth sulfate and ammonium laureth sulfate and concluded that all of these ingredients were safe for use in cosmetics and personal care products in the present practices of use and concentration, when formulated to be non-irritating.
- Stearate salts: It appears as a white powder with a slight fatty odor and are generally used for their lubricating properties. They also help to keep emulsions from separating into their oil and liquid components. The CIR Expert Panel reviewed acute oral studies indicating that the Stearate salts were practically nontoxic, and had a low potential for acute dermal toxicity. Skin irritation studies demonstrated that Stearates were only minimal to slight irritants at very high concentrations.
- Butane, Isobutane and Propane: These are colorless and odorless compressed gases that are used in the formulation of shaving cream. The CIR Expert Panel evaluated scientific data and concluded that is safe as a cosmetic ingredients under present practices of concentration and use.
2- Some Current Hazardous Components to Avoid:
- Fragrance: Fragrance ingredients in cosmetics must meet the same requirements for safety as other cosmetic ingredients: they must be safe for consumers when they are used according to labeled directions. Some components of fragrance formulas may have a potential to cause allergic skin reactions or sensitivities for some people.