Soap is one of the oldest products to wash hands and body. .
1- Some Current Main Components Used:
- Surfactants : Soaps partly contain surfactants that will wash away dirt when combined with water.
- Glycerin: Also known as glycerol, glycerin is a sugar alcohol that can be easily obtained from natural sources. It plays the role of a humectant: meaning it retains moisture in the upper layer of the skin and prevents premature moist from cosmetics. Glycerin has great moisturizing properties as well as it contains cleansing agents. It can be found in personal care products such as soaps, toothpastes, and hair conditioners.
- Cocos Nucifera Oil: Also known as Coconut oil, this pale-yellow and semisolid oil has a surfactant function and help to clean dirt from the skin.
- Hydrogenated palm oil: Palm oil can be directly added to food and is perfectly safe to use in personal care products. Obtain from the palm trees, it oil is primarily used as skin conditioning agents.
- Lanolin: Derived from the sheep sebaceous gland, Lanolin acts as a lubricant on the skin surface, which gives the skin a soft, smooth appearance.
2- Some Current Hazardous Components to Avoid:
- Triclosan: It is an aromatic ether that has antibacterial and antifungal agents. This chemical is lipophilic, which means that it has the ability to accumulate in fatty acids. It was proven that triclosan can disrupt endocrine as well as affect the function of thyroid. This ingredient is restricted in cosmetics in many countries already such as Canada and Japan.
- Fragrance: Fragrance ingredients in cosmetics must meet the same requirements for safety as other cosmetic ingredients: they must be safe for consumers when they are used according to labeled directions. Some components of fragrance formulas may have a potential to cause allergic skin reactions or sensitivities for some people.
3- Natural Alternatives:
- Homemade foaming hand soap: To begin with this easy and inexpensive DIY foaming hand soap, find a foaming pump bottle. Then, pour all of the liquid ingredients detailed below into the hand soap dispenser and shake well: 20% air, 20% liquid soap (you can find natural liquid castile soap), 55% distilled or filtered water, 1 teaspoon carrier oil (find high quality carrier oils), foaming pump bottles (find it in Taobao or use an old one). Optional:10-20 drops essential oil (find pure, organic essential oils here). Air is necessary for this recipe, so be sure you do not fill your soap container to the top with liquid ingredients. Without a cushion of air, the pump can’t make foam and the soap will just come out in a thin stream.
- Coconut or olive oil: The simplest way to clean the face is with oil and is a perfect way to cleanse the pores in the same occasion, remove dirt and excess oil which would otherwise clog pores. Begin with one teaspoon of coconut (or olive oil) and apply to the skin with circular motions. You can add more if necessary. Rinse away with warm water by using fingertips or a soft cloth.
- Make your own all-natural scrub: Create your own mix can be as simple as oatmeal, honey, and plain yogurt — or avocado oil, honey, and sugar. Just remember to avoid your face as the skin there is more delicate and sugar crystals can cause micro tears.
- Apple cider vinegar: Vinegar has been used in household cleaners for its antibacterial properties. When properly diluted, apple cider toner can help to cleanse your skin and prevent breakouts.