Nail Products

Base Coat

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Base coat is the layer of nail polish that is first applied to the nail in order to make the color nail polish last longer without harming the natural nail.

1- Some Current Main Components Used:

  • Glycerin: Also known as glycerol, glycerin is a sugar alcohol that can be easily obtained from natural sources. It plays the role of a humectant: meaning it retains moisture in the upper layer of the skin and prevents premature moist from cosmetics. Glycerin has great moisturizing properties as well as it contains cleansing agents. It can be found in personal care products such as soaps, toothpastes, and hair conditioners. 
  • Citric Acid: Used to preserve cosmetics and adjust the acid-base balance
  • Propylene Glycol: Propylene glycol is a clear and colorless liquid derived from alcohol.  It is most often used as a solvent and viscosity decreasing agent in cosmetics and personal care products such as fragrances, shaving, personal cleanliness products, and eye and facial makeup. 
  • Sodium Lauryl Sulfate: This ingredient is an anionic detergent and surfactant found in many personal care products. It is a surface-active agent that has the properties of being partly water-soluble and partly oil soluble in order to cleanse dirt and oils away.
  • Isopropyl Palmitate: Isopropyl Palmitate is a colorless and odorless, liquid that is used in cosmetics and personal care products alongside octyl palmitate and ethylhexyl palmitate. All the palmitates are used in a wide variety of personal care products and cosmetics. 
  • Cetyl Alcohol: It is a long chain organic alcohol, also known as a one- hexadecanol and palmityl alcohol. It is derived from vegetable oils and is widely used in cosmetics and personal care products, especially lotions and creams.

 

2- Some Current  Hazardous Components to Avoid:

  • Sodium Lauryl Sulfate: This ingredient is an anionic detergent and surfactant found in many personal care products. It is a surface-active agent that has the properties of being partly water-soluble and partly oil soluble in order to cleanse dirt and oils away.
  • Toluene: This ingredient is responsible for letting the nail polish be smooth and shiny. On the other hand, it was proved that exposure to this same ingredient can lead to neurological damage. 
  • Formaldehyde: This ingredient is responsible for hardening and strengthening nail polishes and also serves to protect against bacteria. Too much exposure to formaldehyde can lead to throat, blood, and nose cancer. 
  • Camphor: Camphor gives nail polishes their shiny and glossy- like appearance, this ingredient is even used in cold remedies sometimes such as nasal sprays and is judged to be less toxic than the other ingredients. Too much exposure to camphor can lead to allergies, skin irritations and can even lead to nausea and dizziness.

3- Natural Alternatives:

  • If you want to go chemical-free, try to purchase a base coat that does not contain harmful ingredients and that will let your nails breathe even though you apply nail polish.

 

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