Hair Bleaches are products that lighten the color of the hair by alteration of the coloring components in the hair. They also work through diffusion of the natural color pigment or artificial color from the hair. The Hair Bleaching process is central to both permanent hair color and hair lighteners.
1- Some Current Main Components Used:
- Glycerin: Also known as glycerol, glycerin is a sugar alcohol that can be easily obtained from natural sources. It plays the role of a humectant: meaning it retains moisture in the upper layer of the skin and prevents premature moist from cosmetics. Glycerin has great moisturizing properties as well as it contains cleansing agents. It can be found in personal care products such as soaps, toothpastes, and hair conditioners.
- Silica: Also known as silicon dioxide, this ingredient is a mineral that is used in cosmetics and personal care products. Silica has no definite form but the amorphous form is usually the one used in the beauty industry.
- Cetyl Alcohol: It is a long chain organic alcohol, also known as a one- hexadecanol and palmityl alcohol. It is derived from vegetable oils and is widely used in cosmetics and personal care products, especially lotions and creams.
- Stearyl Alcohol: This ingredient is an organic compound produced from stearic acid. It is an odorless white component with a waxy solid texture, on the other hand, Oleyl Alcohol and Octyldodecanol are clear, colorless liquid. Those ingredients can be found in hair conditioners, skin moisturizers, skin cleansers and eye makeup.
2- Some Current Hazardous Components to Avoid:
- Fragrance: Fragrance ingredients in cosmetics must meet the same requirements for safety as other cosmetic ingredients: they must be safe for consumers when they are used according to labeled directions. Some components of fragrance formulas may have a potential to cause allergic skin reactions or sensitivities for some people.
- Sodium Lauryl Sulfate: This ingredient is an anionic detergent and surfactant found in many personal care products. It is a surface-active agent that has the properties of being partly water-soluble and partly oil soluble in order to cleanse dirt and oils away.
3- Natural Alternatives:
- Chamomile: Chamomile has been known for ages that it helps lighten darker hair. All you have to is to brew a cup of it, let it cool and then apply on individual strands of hair.
- Cinnamon: Add enough cinnamon powder to your conditioner to make a thick paste and apply it to your hair the longer the better. Not only it will give a nice color to your hair, but it has antioxidant properties that will leave your hair smooth and healthy and will protect it from the sun rays.
- Henna: Henna usually darken the hair color, so if you already have a slightly lighter color, this is not for you. For dark brown or black hair, henna can do a great job lightening your hair and give you some nice reddish highlights.