Babies are known to have a very sensitive skin and are prone to diaper rash a lot. The latter is a form of inflamed skin that appears on the baby’s bottom. It is often linked to wet diapers or alarming parents of infrequently changed diapers.
1- Some Current Main Components Used:
- Allontoin: This is a chemical compound that is also called 5-ureidohydantoin or glyoxyldiureide, and It is a product of the oxidation of uric acid. The ingredient is derived from animals and has skin conditioning properties as well as soothing and skin protection properties.
- Calamine: This is a medication to treat mild itchiness and help dry out skin irritation as well as calming discomfort. It has opacifying, skin protection, and absorbing agents and it consists of zinc oxide and a portion of 0.5% of ferric oxide.
- Dimethicone: Also called polymethylsiloxane, it is a medication used to heal or prevent itchiness, dryness, and other minor skin irritations. It is an emollient which is a substance that moisturizes and softens the skin. Dimethicone is a skin protectant that has skin-conditioning agents and the properties of a lubricant.
- Kaolin: Also known as argile de chine, argila, or bolus alba, kaolin is a type of clay that can be found in nature as well as it can be made in laboratories. The ingredient works as a protective coating and can be used to dry and soften the skin as well as to treat inflammation.
- Lanolin: Lanolin is safe and effective, however, products containing Lanolin should be avoided as it is a contact sensitizer.
- Zink Oxide: It is considered to be a mineral that comes in a white powdery texture. Zink Oxide is used in a wide range of personal care products and cosmetics including bath soaps baby lotions, sunscreen and diaper rash ointments. The ingredient works as a skin protectant and also is considered to act as a bulking agent.
- Petrolatum: Also known as petroleum jelly and white petrolatum, this chemical is a semisolid mixture of hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum. Originally, it was promoted as a topical ointment given the fact its healing properties. Petrolatum is used to soothe and heal many unpleasant ailments such as toenail fungus, nosebleeds and diaper rash. The chemical is known for slowing the transepidermal water loss from the skin by building a barrier on its surface. It also does wonders for the hair as it enhances its appearance and increase its suppleness.
- Mineral Oil: Also called white mineral oil, mineral oil is a colorless lightweight liquid that is also made from a highly purified, refined, and processed petroleum. This ingredient helps to prevent water loss from the skin and keep it moisturized. Given its many moisturizing and softening properties, mineral oil is used in many personal care products such as bath oils, skin care creams and hair care products as well.
- Cod Liver Oil: The ingredient has a pale yellow oily texture and is used in a myriad of personal care products as well as cosmetics. It is a natural fat produced by cod fish and rich in omega-3 fatty acids and both vitamins A and D. Similar to the petrolatum, the cod liver oil slows the transepidermal water loss from the skin.
- Glyceryl Stearate: Also known as Glyceryl Stearate SE, is a lipid product of glycerin and stearic acid. It is white or cream-colored and is a self-emulsifying wax-like solid. It acts as a lubricant on the skin’s surface which leads to a soft and smooth appearance. Glyceryl stearate is widely used in sunscreen products, makeup bases and foundations, lotions, creams and powders.
- Cetyl Alcohol: It is a long chain organic alcohol, also known as a one- hexadecanol and palmityl alcohol. It is derived from vegetable oils and is widely used in cosmetics and personal care products, especially lotions and creams.
2- Some Current Hazardous Components to Avoid:
- Boric Acid: Also known as sodium borate and boric acid. The chemical is made of colourless or white crystals or powders. It is used to prevent or to slow the process of bacterial growth and control pH in a solution. Any product containing boric acid is not 100% safe and should not be used on your baby.
- Neomycin: is an aminoglycoside antibiotic found in many topical medications such as creams and ointments. This ingredient has a black box warning which are the most serious warning from the Food and Administration.
- Polymyxin: Polymyxins are fermentation products of the bacteria bacillus polymyxa. It is used to treat minor wounds and help in preventing or treating mild skin infections. The products containing this ingredient work by slowing or stopping the growth of bacteria. Do not purchase rash treatments or ointments that contain Polymyxin as it may cause redness, irritation or burning if used on the baby.
- Bacitracin: It is a mixture of related cyclic peptides, and it is included in ointments to prevent minor skin infections such as small cuts or burns. This ingredient might be too strong for your baby, so it is recommended to contact your doctor before using a product that contains bacitracin.
3- Natural Alternatives:
- Cornstarch: The first alternative and perhaps the easiest is Cornstarch. Cornstarch is a widely available product that you can find in any local grocery store baking aisle. The latter’s main component is corn kernel which makes it a totally natural substitute for talcum. Cornstarch can be used to cool irritated skin as well as it is known to be highly absorbent with no side effects.
- Oat Flour: Oat flour can also work as a substitute, it has the same benefits and results, but this one has a thicker texture than the alternatives mentioned above. Opt for it when you are looking for a coarser powder.
- Organic Dusting Powder: Dusting powder keeps babies’ bottom dry, soft and rash free. All 100% natural and talc free.
- Olive Oil: Olive oil can be your best option if you want to treat diaper rash or any skin rash naturally. It helps healing the skin and promoting its renewal given the fact that it is rich in antioxidants and vitamin E. Olive oil is non-toxic, anti-microbial, and hypoallergenic.